On December 10, it is customary to hold rallies around the world and to honor human rights activists – the international community celebrates Human Rights Day. The holiday originates from the adoption and proclamation by the UN General Assembly of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. “RG” on this day remembered the most famous fighters for other people’s rights.
Considering this day is approaching (yes, Christmas is not the only holiday worth celebrating in December), let’s review the most famous activists for human rights.
Nelson Mandela, who left this world, is one of the most famous fighters for human rights. The enemy of apartheid, who spent 27 years in prison for his convictions, Mandela began by participating in demonstrations against raising the price of travel in public African transport. Later, he was accused of treason and preparation for a coup.
“In my country, you first go to jail, and then become president,” said the human rights activist.
According to unconfirmed official data, Mandela was a communist. In the early 1990s, Mandela was released from prison and awarded him the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1994, after the election, he became president of South Africa – the first black leader of this republic.
“I firmly learned that courage is not a lack of fear, but a victory over it. A courageous person is not one who does not fear, but one who fights with him, “Mandela thought.
He died on December 5, 2013 at the age of 96 years.
In his homeland in India, Mahatma Gandhi achieved almost the status of a saint, and throughout the world he is known as a legendary peacemaker who gave his life for the independence of the people from the British colonists.
In his struggle, he used the principles of non-resistance to evil by violence. Gandhi was well acquainted with Leo Tolstoy.
His life principle was the phrase: “If you encounter the enemy, defeat him with love.”
The philosopher urged the Hindus and Muslims to reconcile, and also considered wealth a vice. This was not liked by local millionaires, who began to organize attempts on the spiritual leader.
Gandhi was already 80 years old at the time, and he philosophically attacked his life: “If I’m destined to die from a madman’s bullet, I will do it with a smile.”
He was shot by a hired killer, before his death Gandhi made it clear that he forgives the attacker. Even in the last moments of his life he followed his principles.
Martin Luther King
Baptist preacher Martin Luther King fought for the rights of the black population of the US, opposing segregation. His famous speech I have a dream has become a model of the oratory of all times and peoples. The preacher’s talent unfolded in full force. The speech on the struggle against racism was heard in August 1963 by 300,000 Americans gathered at the Lincoln Memorial.
“I have a dream that the day will come when our nation will rise and live to the true meaning of its motto. We believe it is self-evident that all people are created equal,” King said.
He was shot by a sniper, who, according to the official version, was a single killer. However, many associate the death of Martin Luther King with interest to him from the FBI.
Aung San Suu Kyi
Burmese politician Aung San Suu Kyi was recently recognized as the “hero of our time”, and the famous director Luc Besson took a film about her.
The daughter of the general and the people’s leader, who was killed during the next redistribution of power, Su Zhi from childhood was far from home. Later, as a married lady and the mother of two children, she decided to return to Burma and promote democratic values and freedom, no matter in what form it is – we are equal – we all should be able to speak up, be treated equally and do what we like, whether it is playing pokies or giving speeches on human rights.
She advocated the freedom of people and against the power of the local junta. Suu Kyi was actively involved in politics, achieving popular recognition and house arrest, which lasted 15 years. Being in this conclusion she in absentia received the Nobel Peace Prize. She did not see not only with fellow party members, but also with her family – her husband and children.
“There is only one real prison – this is a prison of fear, and there is only one real freedom – freedom from fear,” Suu Kyi said.
In 2010, she was released from house arrest, and now she continues to actively participate in the political life of the country, which was now called Myanmar.
The wife of US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Eleanor Roosevelt was one of the founders of the United Nations. Under her leadership, the United Nations developed the famous Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In addition, Eleanor Roosevelt was a famous feminist.
“A woman is like a tea bag, you never know how strong she can be until she is trapped in boiling water,” urged First Lady of the World, as she was called by Harry Truman.
Eleanor Roosevelt defended the rights of all – from negroes to sexual minorities. And she did it very convincingly. For example, after arriving in a tutored school and noticing the dirty floors, the president’s wife took a broom and started revenge. In 1961, John F. Kennedy included her in the US delegation to the UN, appointing a member of the Peace Corps and entrusting her with the chairmanship of the Commission on Women’s Rights.
Eleanor Roosevelt died of leukemia at the age of 78 years. Now the prize bearing her name is awarded annually for outstanding activities in the field of human rights protection